How Terrorism ruined life for Arabs in the Middle East


Terrorism is one of the main factors why countries like Libya, Iraq, Afghanistan, Yemen, and most notably Syria are in a state of civil war. In September 2001, the terrorist group “Al-Qaeda” led by Osama bin Laden attacked the USA and which caused “The Global War on Terror” which lead to the invasion of Afghanistan and Iraq by the United States. The Iraq War can be blamed for the rise of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria or “ISIS” for short.

Invasion of Iraq

After the Americans  the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein, the country was controlled by a new government which oppressed the minority, but this new government wasn’t able to keep the country together as the previous did which left Iraq in a “power vacuum”. This lead to the previously mentioned Al-Qaeda to come into Iraq and fight in an attempt to establish an Islamic State. Eventually, these group of fighters disliked Al-Qaeda and broke away, established the Islamic State in Iraq (ISI). According to Wikipedia, an estimated 112,000 to 123,000 civilian deaths. These people died just for being at the wrong place at the wrong time.

Credit to Wikipedia

Arab Spring

In 2011, the Arab Spring occurred in which peaceful anti-government protest took place in countries all over the Arab World and caused many wars such as the Yemeni Civil War, Libyan Civil War, and of course the Syrian War. Syria is run by a dictator by the name of Bashar Al Assad the people of Syria are a majority of Sunni Muslims, while Assad and his government were Alawites, a minority in the nation. According to the LA Times, Alawites are a sect of Shiite Islam which alongside Sunni Islam make up to two branches of Islam. Politically these two branches despise each other, the biggest example of this is the superpowers of the Middle East, the Sunni Saudi Arabia, and the Shiite Iran who are currently fighting a proxy war in Yemen. Image result for arab spring cnn

Credit to CNN

Syrian Civil War

These anti-Assad protests soon turned violent as Assad started to crack down on protesters killing them as explained by The Guardian”. These protesters were not going to get attacked for what they believe is right so these protesters fought back and alongside with former Assad forces became known as The Free Syrian Army. This lead to full-scale Civil War with the Russian and Iranian-backed Assad regime and the NATO and Saudi-backed Rebels. The Syrian Civil War is hands down the bloodiest civil war caused by the Arab Spring.

ISI becomes ISIS

In 2013, the previously mentioned ISI saw this civil war as an opportunity to gain ground to establish their so called “Islamic State” the ISI now became known as “Islamic State in Iraq and Syria” or “Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant” (ISIS, ISIL). ISIS had no mercy and killed anyone in their way or anyone who didn’t agree with the strict interpretation of the Quran. According to Ibtimes, ISIS killed at least 33,000 people. In 2015, a Jordanian air force pilot by the name of Muath Al-Kasasbeh was flying a F-16 fighter plane when it crashed over Raqqa, the de facto capital of ISIS. ISIS fighters caught Al-Kasasbeh and executed him by lighting him on fire on camera. Muath along with many others have been executed by ISIS fighters in propaganda.

  Image result for Isis execution cnn

Credit to CNN

Assad’s use of chemical weapons

In 2013, Assad was losing ground to the rebels and he was desperate to stay in power he began to use chemical weapons against civilians killing around an estimated 1,300 deaths in that attack. By using chemical weapons Assad was committing war crimes. This caused President Obama to attack in Syria by airstrikes. In 2016, Donald Trump was elected President and Inaugurated in 2017. This week on 4/4/17, President Assad carried out a chemical attack on rebel held territory and killed many innocent people including children. This was the largest chemical attack in years. On 4/6/17, the United States blamed this attack on Assad and possibly infuriating the Russian Government, President Trump called for airstrikes on Assad territory, the first time the US attacked an Arab Government since Obama and Libya in 2011. Image result for syria gas attack

Credit to Daily Hampshire Gazette

The Future of the war

This war as many of us are hoping to going to end, but when? No one knows whats going to happen we are just going to have to wait and see.

9 comments to How Terrorism ruined life for Arabs in the Middle East

  1. Miss W. says:

    A well researched piece of writing. It would be even better if you wrote where you got your information in a bibliography or reference list at the end of your post.

    It is a pity we have people who want more power and money than others. This I feel causes most of the tensions in the world including wars like this in Syria.

  2. Y.M. says:

    Good stuff. Pretty accurate timeline of events too, although you could’ve also done pre-Bush era terrorism as well, maybe even as early as the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.

  3. mason says:

    your blog is a very informational blog

  4. mason says:

    on terrorism

  5. malr says:

    This was very informational and rational. It shows that Terrorists can be blamed very well. Their violence is terrible and I hope we can stop them as soon as possible.

  6. Ola says:

    I found this post particularly interesting since I am a Muslim Syrian living in the West. I appreciate that you’re spreading awareness about the situation in the Middle East, especially in Syria. It’s sad how a government like Assad’s is willing to massacre its own people just to hold on to power. Hopefully things get better for those who are suffering in the Middle East, as well as all Muslims worldwide.

    • mohamedihussein says:

      Well first off I’d like to thank you for visiting my blog and I don’t know many Syrians so meeting another one is cool. Syria and Yemen, where I’m from, have probably been affected the most by these horrible and brutal dictators that kill innocent people just to stay in power. Living in the west can be hard especially because of Islamophobia and it rise since 9/11 and the election of Donald Trump. Us Muslims need to just push through and for these hard times to pass and pray for those affected by war. Salaam!

  7. JakeNelson27 says:

    You did a great job and it was very informational.

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